中考英语专项复习——冠词及练习题

信息发布者:Sarah789| 发布时间: 2016-9-7 18:07:37
中考英语专项复习——冠词
冠词是词汇中的基础的,也是简单的部分,所以同学们有必要掌握其基本用法,归纳起来,应该掌握以下几点:
1.冠词指不定冠词 a 和定冠词the
2.不定冠词an常用于元音发音开头的词前,如:an hour, an English car.
请区别:a useful machine      
a useful book       a “u”   [ju:sful] [ju:]
an用于元音开头的词前. eg. an apple     an hour  [au]      an “F” [ef]
3.定冠词the
1)指_上文_提到过的人或物,   
2)特指某人/某物    The book on the desk is mine.
3)在世界上_客观存在_的事物前用定冠词the.如:the sun, the moon ,the earth         
4)定冠词the用于_最高级_前,表示方位的名词和形容词最高级前。如:the first,the best ,in the south (但当这些词前已有其他限定词,如物主代词、所有格、指示代词时,则不能再用the)
The third boy is the tallest of all.
He is my first English teacher.
5)the + 姓的_复数_表示 “某家人”或“某夫妇”。  在复数姓氏前加the,表示××一家人,常看成复数。
the Greens 格林一家/ 格林夫妇。
    如:The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.
6).在介词短语中常用定冠词the,如:in the box ,behind the chair ,go to bed ,go to school, by bus ,at night.
7)the +_形容词_  ,构成名词性短语,表示......样的一类人,如:the young / old /rich /poor
4..特别注意不能用定冠词the的几个方面:
(1)在__季节、月份、星期、日期__等词前不用冠词。如:in summer, in August
  (特指某一年的季节除外)请区别:in the spring of 1945. (这里表示特指,故加the)
(2)一日三餐和体育运动名不用冠词。   如:have breakfast ,play football(但:①当三餐名词前有修饰词时,则要加适当的冠词.
②表__乐器__演奏的名词前应加the)
1) He went to school after he had a quick breakfast.       2) play the violin / piano
5.在有些词组中,有冠词和无冠词意思不同,请注意区别:
in front of __________ in the front of _
in the hospital __________ in hospital _________
in bed   in danger   in trouble    in need

中考真题:
( )1. —Do you have ________ pen? —Yes. I have one.  、
   A. a     B. an     C. the    D. /
( )2. Look! Simon, ________ walkman that I bought last year isn’t working properly.
   A. a      B. an     C. the     D. /
( )3. Jack enjoys watching TV, while Tom is interested in listening to ________ music.  
 A. the         B. /      C. a      D. an
( )4. Liu Changchun is ________ first Chinese to join the Olympics.
 A. a          B. an      C. the     D. /
( )5. I looked under ____ table and found ___pen I lost yesterday.
 A. the; a        B. the; the         C. /; the        D. the; /
( )6. —How do you like your holiday in Mount Yuntai?
       —We enjoyed it very much. ________ sight is very beautiful.
    A. A     B. An      C. The        D. /
( )7. I learned to play ________ piano at the age of four.
    A. a      B. an      C. the      D. /
( )8. —It’s ________ nice day, isn’t it?     
       —Yes, what ________ fine weather!
        A. a; a          B. the; the       C. a; /      D. the; /
( )9. It is said that ____ umbrella was invented over four thousand years ago by Chinese people.  
         A. a B. an C. the C. /   
( )10. —Sonia, do you know ________ new club in your school?
   —Of course. I’m one of its members.
   A. a B. an C. the          D. /
( )11. There is ________ apple tree in my garden. It’s over 2013 years old.
   A. the         B. a C. an D. /
( )12. —Why did you laugh just now?
   —Ted wanted to tell us ______ very funny story, but he forget _____end himself.
   A. /; the       B. a; an C. a; the          D. the; the
( )13. Spiderman Ⅲ is ______ exciting movie.
 A. a     B. the   C. an    D. /
( )14. —Do you enjoy your school life?
   —Yes, of course. I’ve had ________ wonderful time here.  
   A. a        B. an      C. the
( )15.The new D-type trains can run at speeds (速度) of 200 to 250 kilometres ______ hour. The trip from Shanghai to Beijing only takes 2013 hours now.  
   A. a       B. an        C. the


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